Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://bdigital.uexternado.edu.co/handle/001/721
Title: Les Wayuu, l’Etat de droit et le pluralisme juridique en Colombie
Authors: Gutiérrez Quevedo, Marcela
Director: Courtois, Gérard
Keywords: Pluralismo jurídico
Wayuu - Vida social y costumbres
Costumbres indígenas
Derecho penal
Justicia restaurativa
Pluralismo jurídico y cultural
Diversidad étnica y cultural
Wayuu
Colombia
Issue Date: 1-Jul-2010
Abstract in Spanish: Esta tesis se realizó a través de un estudio de caso dedicado a la descripción y análisis de los problemas del pluralismo jurídico en Colombia. La primera parte se ocupa del contexto histórico, geográfico y social colombiano, los rasgos fundamentales de la estructura social colombiana y de la cultura de un grupo indígena: los Wayuu. Desde diferentes puntos de vista este pueblo se distingue de los cánones de la cultura occidental. Con este ejemplo se observa la diversidad de los mundos y la necesidad del derecho de integrar él pluralismo. Este tema se desarrolla en la segunda parte. Se muestra la crisis del monismo jurídico y de las concepciones clásicas del derecho penal. Con el ejemplo concreto del mundo tradicional y de la manera de resolver los conflictos entre los Wayuu, aparece la necesidad para el Estado de Derecho de admitir un pluralismo cultural y jurídico de una realidad social que siempre ha existido. Esta apertura a la diferencia está relacionada con un abandono de concepciones jurídicas esencialistas y apriorísticas del derecho penal. De esa manera podemos comprender la reconstrucción permanente que requieren los conceptos del delito, delincuente y sanción. Nuestros últimos desarrollos están consagrados a las decisiones de la Corte Constitucional colombiana que ha reconocido la diversidad cultural como un derecho fundamental, base de la dignidad de muchas colectividades existentes en Colombia.
Abstract: This thesis through a case study is devoted to describing and analyzing the problems of legal pluralism in Colombia. The first part presents the historical, geographical and social Colombian basic features of social structure and culture of an indigenous group: the Wayuu. At multiple points of view that people have different canons of Western culture. They seized on this example, the diversity of human worlds and the need for the right to integrate the fact of pluralism. This issue is developed in our second part. We show the crisis of legal monism and classical concepts of criminal law. In the concrete example of the traditional mode of conflict resolution among the Wayuu, we highlighted the need for the rule of law to admit a legal and cultural pluralism of society that really has always existed. This openness to difference is secured to an abandonment of legal concepts and essentialist a priori especially in criminal law. This is the price that we can understand the ongoing reconstruction require that concepts such as crime, offenders and punishment. Our latest developments are dealing with decisions of the Colombian Constitutional Court, which recognized cultural diversity as a fundamental right to basic dignity of many communities existing in Colombia. We show how, over the last decade qf the twentieth century the constitutional power has been in our nation a protector of human rights. The debate remains open between universal human rights and human rights culturally constructed, for its part, the Constitutional Court decides on a case by case, vvithout generalizing its decisions, it is important to make into reality the legal pluralism which the Colombian society is cultural and juridical rich and is in its legal and factual context.
Description: 339 páginas
URI: https://bdigital.uexternado.edu.co/handle/001/721
Appears in Collections:GDA. Trabajos de Grado



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