Title: Reconfiguración de las dinámicas económicas y socioculturales en el pueblo Sikuani de puerto Gaitán - Meta 1970- 2019
Authors: Gaitán Quintero, Hermes
Subjects: Sikuanis - Historia - 1970-2019
Sikuanis - Aspectos sociales - 1970-2019
Economía indígena
Keywords: Economía propia
Sikuani
Transformación
Únuma
Wakena
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Bogotá : Universidad Externado de Colombia, 2019
Abstract (Spanish): La presente tesis aborda, en perspectiva histórica, dos hechos coyunturales que han trastocado las dinámicas de producción propia y que han provocado la configuración de nuevas formas de relacionamiento sociocultural entre los Sikuani del resguardo Wacoyo de puerto Gaitán, Meta. Los hechos a destacar son, por un lado, la creación de la figura de resguardo indígena-que supuso un cambio abrupto para los Sikuani tras la reducción de su territorio ancestral-y, por el otro, la inserción del mismo en lógicas de producción impuestas por agentes económicos externos, situación que ha dado como resultado la emergencia ce múltiples problemáticas al interior del resguardo desde el año 1970 hasta el presente (2019). En este sentido, la intencionalidad que subyace a este trabajo es doble. Por una parte, es un intento de acercamiento a la historia ancestral de los "guahibos", en el que se rescata por medio de los relatos de los abuelos y abuelas Sikuani, cómo era la vida del indígena en tiempos de antaño; por la otra, como tema nuclear de esta obra-donde se conjuga lo relatado por los comuneros con la literatura académica existente-enfatiza en la situación que afronta actualmente el pueblo Sikuani ante la presencia de empresas multinacionales y transnacionales en su territorio.
Abstract: The present thesis approaches, in historical perspective, two conjunctural facts that have disrupted the dynamics of own production and that have caused the configuration of new forms of sociocultural relationship among the Sikuani of the Wacoyo Reservoir of Port Gaitán, Meta. The facts to be highlighted are, on the one hand, the creation of the figure of indigenous resguardo - that supposed an abrupt change for the Sikuani after the reduction of its ancestral territory - and, on the other, the insertion of it in production logics imposed by external economic agents, situation that has resulted in the emergence of multiple problems within the shelter from the year 1970 to the present (2019). In this sense, the intent that underlies this work is twofold. On the one hand, it is an attempt to approach the ancestral history of the "Guahibos", in which it is rescued through the stories of Sikuani grandparents, how was the life of the indigenous in times of yesteryear; on the other, as the nuclear theme of this work - where the story related by the community members is combined with the existing academic literature - emphasizes the situation currently facing the Sikuani people in the presence of multinational and transnational companies in their territory. Thus, through the contrast of the two narratives, of a before and now, it was possible to show the changes that occurred both in the economic structure and in the socio-cultural aspects. On the other hand, in the final part of the work some reflections are offered as a result of the interaction with the elderly and greater than, youth and leaders of the shelter; therefore, it does not only represent the author's voice, but it is combined with the voices and projections that the community members have in the short, medium and long term towards their culture and territory.
Description: 87 páginas
URI: https://dspace-uexternado.metacatalogo.com/handle/001/2305
Appears in Collections:DCA. Trabajos de Grado - Pregrado en Historia
DMGA. Trabajos de Grado - Economía, trabajo y sociedad



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