Al borde de la ausencia : aproximaciones a la ecoregión de la Orinoquía a partir del acaparamiento y la disputa por la tierra. Una mirada a la profundidad Sikuani
All through national history, the Orinoquia bioregion was constituted as a projective territory endowed with vast vacant lands destined to be exploited according to the cycles of economic boom in the country and in the world. This scenario boosted an extensive, extractive and intensive model in territories which since a colonial matrix where cataloged as timeless and dystopian spaces from the "civilized, modern and developed" national order.
Supported, in turn, on the construction of a de facto political power and on a Central Government which delegates and gives concessions with the requirements of the land capital.
The economic flow from extensive cattle ranching, the drug trafficking economy, hydrocarbon production and the intensification of the agricultural and industrial body produced cycles of taking over the land through violence mechanismsphysical, symbolic and legal-for the access and control of common goods, heterogeneous regional subjects and the production and marketing chains.
Under these frames for taking over the land, the dispute over the territory reach its peak in an inter-river region where indigenous communities, like the Sikuani of the Wacoyo reservation, develop and build their territorial life-weaving drawing from the tension, the appropriation, the agencialidad, the resistance and the re-existence.