Análisis comparativo de la regulación de la Comunidad Andina y la normativa colombiana en materia de transporte terrestre internacional de mercancías frente al artículo 11 del AFC sobre la libertad de tránsito
The purpose of this study is to carry out an analysis of the principle of freedom of transit that is embodied in the rules on international land transport of cargo and customs transit in force in the Andean Community (CAN), with the purpose of evaluating possible legal alternatives to enable articulation, complementation and regulatory convergence, facilitating international land transport operations in our country.
Both trade and transport facilitation measures can lead to the observance of new measures of freedom of transit and agile applications in logistics operations, framed within the new customs regime and, at the same time, help developing countries favoring Participation in global production and trade processes is the fulfillment of the Trade Facilitation Agreement in Colombia.
The study has been structured, considering, first, the background that led to the implementation of this initiative in the area of international transport of goods, such as customs transit, the regulatory framework under analysis determined by the CAN. Secondly, the description of the concept of trade facilitation such as freedom of transit, principles and disciplines that are derived from the analysis of said regulatory framework, which were systematized through comparative tables that we are approached they show the coincidences, differences and similarities identified in the treatment granted to the international land transport of goods. Finally, the main conclusions and recommendations that are derived from the analysis are formulated.
The work includes the study of decisions 399 and 837 of the CAN, Decree 390 of 2016, without ignoring the antecedents that give rise to the issue of trade facilitation, as well as Decree 1165 of 2019, regarding international customs transit.