Examinando por Materia "Derecho agrario"
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- PublicaciónAcceso abiertoAntinomia e Indeterminación Jurídica en la Legislación Agraria de Bienes Baldíos en Colombia(Universidad Externado de Colombia, 2021) Chaves Perdomo, Jorge Enrique; Pimiento Echeverri, Julián Andrés; Santaella Quintero, Héctor; Correa Medina, Jaime AugustoEsclarecer las dinámicas por medio de las cuales se presume la propiedad de los bienes baldíos y consecuentemente las formas por medio de las cuales se debe llevar a cabo la transferencia del dominio de aquellos de conformidad con el acervo legislativo, jurisprudencial y constitucional. Para ello se describe el régimen de los bienes baldíos en Colombia desde un barrido legislativo en torno a las normas expedidas sobre la materia a efectos de detallar de forma esclarecedora el continuo desarrollo y la dicotomía que ha existido a lo largo del tiempo. Además, se busca evidenciar las diferentes posturas que se han suscitado en el plano jurisprudencial, doctrinal e institucional, y las diferentes interpretaciones que desde el plano académico han ayudado a fortalecer las líneas interpretativas de la problemática, y se establece la necesidad de esclarecer las formas de transferir el dominio en materia de baldíos a personas naturales, en una primera instancia para generar seguridad jurídica y en segundo lugar, para adecuar el ordenamiento jurídico a las necesidades y reclamos actuales de la sociedad colombiana que inicia un proceso de transformación agraria.
- PublicaciónAcceso abiertoBaldíos desde la perspectiva de patrimonio nacional y la eficaz protección ambiental(Bogotá : Universidad Externado de Colombia, 2018., 2018) Cardona González, Álvaro Hernando; García Pachón, María del PilarFrom the specialty of Land Rights or Agrarian Law; the legal science has a great challenge in Colombia to avoid the social conflicts that may arise when distributing the rural territorial surface among those who want it and are apt to exploit it, the incessant demand growth for new available land for agricultural or livestock exploitation, the growing needs of non-renewable natural resources and the constitutional obligation of natural conservation to guarantee the sustainable development of the Nation. In other words, it is evident that the need to guarantee food sustainability or in order to satisfy other economic intentions, put pressure on the availability of more areas for exploitation. There is also the need of preserve areas of special ecological importance and the protection and increase public patrimony that is in the territory. ¿How to do all this simultaneously and legally possible? Although in Colombia it is frequently said that the land is unequally distributed, for various reasons, the truth is that most of it is occupied. Or because whoever owns it has titles of ownership or private property over it, or because it is occupied and exploited without title due to the carelessness of its private or state owner. And it is about this last situation that we will focus on; because society’s main concern must be how to avoid the illegal occupation of fiscal or state assets and public property owned by the Nation under State administration, and especially in the latter case, the moorland that should remain as wastelands to guarantee that they never remain occupy or adjudge like the ideal strategy of conservation by his immeasurable Currently the normative frameworks have been overwhelmed in their purpose of protecting vacant goods (for the needs of guaranteeing sustainable development and at the same time safeguarding the national fiscal patrimony) and some decisions of the courts, Constitutional and Supreme Court, possibly without aiming for it, they have increased the possibilities of this happening under the healthy intention that the people who occupy them do not see their fundamental rights undermined. ¿How to avoid it? At the same time, there has been high interest to effectively protect certain areas of the national territory, such as the moorland, the sanctuaries of flora and fauna, and national natural parks (the last two already legally included as protected natural areas), including agricultural activities to dedicate them exclusively to natural conservation which diminishes the possibilities of administrative adjudications by way of agricultural development and the protection of the rural man and at the same time, by reserving real estate as an inventory of the national patrimony. The formulas that are proposed to solve this situation and to answer the previous questions start from conceptual clarities and from common sense as a fundamental pillar of a public policy that reconciles the agricultural and environmental interests that, we discover, are intimately linked.
- PublicaciónAcceso abiertoEl Decreto 578 de 2018 y los procesos de reconocimiento de dominio rural(Bogotá : Universidad Externado de Colombia, 2020., 2020) Cardona González, Álvaro Hernando; Vargas Moreno, Yehison Fernando; García Pachón, María del PilarFrom the specialty of the denominated Land Law or Agrarian Law, legal science has a great challenge in Colombia to avoid social conflicts that may arise when distributing the rural territorial surface between those who want it and can exploit it, and those who possess them materially, due to the incessant growth in demand for new lands available for agricultural or livestock exploitation, the growing needs of non-renewable natural resources and the constitutional obligation of natural conservation to guarantee the sustainable development of the Nation. Although the country has recognized the importance of closing the rural poverty gap and generating the factors to prevent migration to the cities of men who have a vocation to develop agricultural activities and has tried to implement policies and legislation to address these problems. Today, there is still a need to guarantee the food sustainability of the population and satisfy the economic desires of a growing population, which brings with it greater pressures to have more areas for agricultural exploitation. In order to formalize the holdings and possessions on rural properties with registration records that begin with false tradition, which have evidenced the enormous informality in the ownership of the domain or property over the rural property, the State issued Decree 578 of 2018, which generates many susceptibilities that merit analyzing and guiding a unique legal position. And there arises the purpose of this four-hand article between who must promote the formalization administrative processes supporting the responsibilities that in this matter correspond to the National Land Agency (ant) and who must ensure the defense of the interests of the farmers from the Public Ministry. Of course, without the presumption of declaring the debate exhausted, but instead providing elements from their experience for a better analysis.