Examinando Economía, trabajo y sociedad por Autor "Cely Cely, José David"
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- PublicaciónAcceso abiertoAnálisis historiográfico sobre el Estado Inca en el siglo XV(Bogotá : Universidad Externado de Colombia, 2019., 2019) Cely Cely, José DavidIncas managed to compose a state that was divided into four regions or districts known as suyos (in Quechua: sùyu, Plot, territory, nation.) Which were, Chinchaysuyo, Antisuyo, Collasuyo and Contisuyo. The set of the four members was known as Tahuantinsuyo. The word comes from Quechua, "tahua" means "four", which has the suffix -"ntin" (together, set), so Tahuantinsuyo means the four regions together. The administrative center of this division was Cuzco itself. From the sacred city of Cusco the Incas consolidated a state, which managed to effectively integrate many scattered tribes throughout Peru and even South America. This great ingenuity to govern and structure a great State, which the Inca civilization called the Tahuantinsuyo, in a vast heterogeneous territory, is what this investigation encompasses. The Incas were constituted as the dominant ethnic group in Peru in times of conquest and prior to Spanish rule, this civilization was one of the most important and admirable in South America. The Incas managed to synthesize the artistic, scientific and technological knowledge of their predecessors. Based on a concept of expansion of the Tahuantinsuyo, the highest political body of the Inca civilization, which collected those knowledge and potentiated them. From the above it can be deduced that the Tahuantinsuyo or Inca State was a form of political and social organization, endowed with sovereign and independent power, that integrated a conglomerate of tribes, peoples or ethnic groups (nations), with different characteristics and peculiarities, dissimilar and even against each other. In this way, the Inca State was, apart from the territory and the population, a set of institutions that possessed the authority and the power to regulate and establish the norms and the functioning of the various peoples integrated into the Tahuantinsuyo. his research wants to deepen its extraordinary organization, which knew how to radiate a powerful synthesis of scientific and religious knowledge, which transcended to its time and even today, is the result of the most diverse studies. Different investigations and interpretations have been made around the Inca State, therefore I do not intend to throw into this investigation my own interpretation about lhe Inca State, but I do identify and confront the main theoretical and methodological tendencies of the most influential researchers who have dealt with the issue of the Inca State. the structure of the Inca State and its organization. In essence, this research carries out a historiographical analysis of the state and economic administration of the Inca civilization, investigating the processes of economic exchanges, its social organization and the institutions that constituted its state structure. This historiographical analysis wants to specify if it is corree! to name the Inca State under sorne modern state model, (socialist state, welfare state, autocratic state, communist state, etc.) as researchers have been doing throughout the twentieth century.